Why Should Commercial Buildings Utilise the Three-Phase Power Distribution?

08 September 2022

Businesses normally conduct their operations inside commercial buildings. One thing that makes these buildings essential to business owners and managers is they can be modified according to their needs. By hiring a reputable contractor, they can ensure that their properties can accommodate the processes their employees have to carry out.

Restaurants, for instance, use their commercial spaces to generate spacious kitchens for proper food preparation processes. Retail stores, alternatively, also use a huge portion of their commercial spaces to display their offerings. Other businesses that commercial buildings can accommodate are hotels, warehouses, offices, and many more. What is common about these businesses is they require a huge amount of electricity to power everything.

Electricity is always essential to businesses. Without it, they would find it difficult to keep everything running, including their vital building systems and lighting. And since their power demand can be high, they may want to take advantage of three-phase power distribution.

An Overview of Three-Phase Power Distribution

Three-phase power distribution is a method of alternating current power generation, transmission, and distribution. It is often maximised by properties that have to supply electricity to tons of equipment, machines, and tools without costing too much money.

To ensure that it can carry out its main function, the three-phase power distribution utilise three power wires or three phases and a single neutral wire. These wires are out of phase with each other by 120 degrees, as opposed to a single phase that separates two hot legs by 180 degrees. With this type of distribution, each phase on one cycle of 360 degrees may have peaked in voltage twofold, reaching as high as 415 volts. Its power does not also drop to zero.

The composition and principles of this distribution method allow it to retain constant voltage. It can likewise handle commercial and industrial operations without any issues.

Three-Phase Power Distribution Major Benefits

There are tons of benefits associated with three-phase power distribution.

First, this power distribution system does not need any type of additional starters to keep heavy motors operational. This benefit is possible since three-phase powder distribution can already boast enough power to give the necessary torque of these things. Another great thing about three-phase power distribution is it can accommodate the needs of commercial and industrial buildings with heavy power requirements.

Three-phase power distribution also generates greater power density at the same amperage as opposed to its one-phase counterpart. This benefit allows the former to keep the wiring size and costs significantly cheaper. Balancing the loads is even easy with this system, helping the properties minimise harmonic currents and reduce the need for large neutral wires. Ultimately, it optimises electrical capacity utilisation, which increases power efficiency.

Three-Phase Power Distribution at Electroscope

There are, however, some limitations with three-phase power that property owners should know. Handling the overload, for one, may not be feasible with this system. It may also require high insulation costs, which may still vary depending on the voltage and the size of the wires.

Despite these limitations, three-phase power distribution can still be utilised if you are currently managing a commercial or industrial building. To opt for one, just contact us at Electroscope.

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